Mining UK Wales Wales Metal Mining Metal Mining in Mid Wales 1822–1921

Metal Mining in Mid Wales 1822–1921

 Metal Mining in Mid Wales 1822–1921
SKU SKU15426
Weight 0.40 kg


G.W. Hall, editor D.M.D. James, A4, Sb, 130pp

The late George Hall occupied a unique position in mining scholarship in Britain, not only from his seventy-year career in mine promotion, management and field-based research but from his possession of a near-complete run of the Mining Journal covering the greatest days of the Mid Wales orefield, an area very dear to his heart.

Lying between the expanded gazetteer approach of David Bick and the exhaustive monographic treatments of some individual mine sites by various authors, this publication commemorates George’s encyclopaedic knowledge of the orefield and fills a major gap in its documentation. It draws on his intimate knowledge of the content of the Mining Journal, otherwise difficult of access, and not only charts the historical development of the mines but also gives a vivid picture of how they were worked, funded and managed and of some of the heroes and villains whose actions variously resulted in spectacular profits and financial scams of the worst kind.

The text comprises George’s work in progress for submission for an M.Phil. degree, edited for continuity and augmented with introductory material and relevant illustrations by David James

Produced as Welsh Mines and Mining 3, Welsh Mines Society 2014
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  • Author: sdf
    with no on in a position to say exactly what the number is.That makes a portion of a new article by Vasily Ivanov on the spread of radical trends in Islam among ethnic Russians in the Middle Volga especially useful because he addresses this question directly both for the Russian Federation as a whole and for the Middle Volga in particular (’s discussion on the numbers, first presented in October 2013 at an Ufa conference on “Islam and the State in Russia” on the occasion of the 225th anniversary of the establishment of the Orenburg Mohammedan Spiritual Assembly, is worth attending to even if one does not accept all of his conclusions about the amount of radicalism to be found in this group.He begins by acknowledging that “exact data on the number of Russian Muslims are lacking as a result of the fact that the All-Russian census o the population does not allow defining the relationship of the ethnic and religious attachments of the population” and that “existing data are extremely contradictory.”Media reports range from a few thousand to several hundred thousand, with the lower numbers typically offered by the mainstream media and the higher ones by Islamic websites. There are certainly a number of Russian converts to Islam as a result of marriage or conviction, but the real number is clearly somewhere between these high and low figures.The low figures are simply guesses, but the high figures are reached by an analogy that is not without its problems. The 2009 Kazakhstan census which did ask questions about religion and ethnicity found that there were 54,277 ethnic Russian followers of Islam in that Central Asian country, out of a total number of 3,793,764 Russians there.If the same share of ethnic Russians in the Russian Federation were Muslims, that would mean more than a million of the faithful there, but most writers, even on Islamic sites, assume that the figure needs to be adjusted downward because Kazakhstan is a country whose titular nationality is historically Islamic.But there are other reasons not to accept the Kazakhstan figures, Ivanov says. In the course of a scandal about that census, it was discovered that a large portion of the population was counted twice and the figures then had to be adjusted by officials, a change that allowed the introduction of all kinds of distortions including on matters of ethnicity and faith.

    The actual figure for the Russian Federation as a whole probably approaches 10,000, Ivanov suggests, but he notes that “assessing the number of ethnic Russian Muslims in the Middle Volga is much difficult” for a variety of reasons.It is clear that there has been an increase in the number of such people in Russia as a whole and in the Middle Volga in recent years,

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