Wales Defending Anglesey

Defending Anglesey

Defending Anglesey
SKU SKU15499
Weight 1.90 kg


Mark Dalton, Hardback with dust jacket, 376 pages, 250mm x 250mm

The coastline and beaches of Anglesey draw thousands of tourists to the Island every year, but most will be unaware that this same coastline was patrolled by fragile royal Naval Airships almost 100 years ago looking for First World War U-boats, or that the beaches were once potential landing sites for a German invasion in 1940.

Airfields, army camps and naval bases sprang up around the Island during the Second World War and brought the modern world into what was a predominantly rural part of the country. Most of these military installations only lasted for the duration of the war, but the military never left as the Cold War took hold.

RAF Valley's jets have been a constant sight in Anglesey's skies for over sixty years, training our future fighter pilots, while the nearby motor racing circuit at Ty Croes was once a Top Secret research base for Britain's guided missiles, developed to bring down the high-flying bombers of the Soviet Airforce.

Gun batteries, pillboxes, airfields, radar sites, missile ranges and underground nuclear bunkers were all built on the Island. While it would appear at first glance that there is little time left today, Anglesey still has a rich and diverse array of military remains that reflect the tumultuous events of the twentieth century. This books sets out to discover and record what remains today on Anglesey before this important part of the Island's history is lost forever.


1 Introduction
2 The First World War Comes to Anglesey
3 The Threat of Invasion
4 Anglesey Coastal Defences
5 Holyhead Defences
6 The Home Guard & Inland Defences
7 RAF Llandwrog
8 RAF Bodorgan
9 RAF Valley
10 Newborough Warren Bombing Decoy
11 Direction Finding Tower
12 Radar
13 Bombing & Gunnery Ranges
14 Ynys Gaint
15 No.1113 MCU at Porty-Y-Felin House
16 Beaumaris
17 Ty Croes Camp
18 RAF Mona
19 Cold War Contingencies
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  • Author: sdf
    with no on in a position to say exactly what the number is.That makes a portion of a new article by Vasily Ivanov on the spread of radical trends in Islam among ethnic Russians in the Middle Volga especially useful because he addresses this question directly both for the Russian Federation as a whole and for the Middle Volga in particular (’s discussion on the numbers, first presented in October 2013 at an Ufa conference on “Islam and the State in Russia” on the occasion of the 225th anniversary of the establishment of the Orenburg Mohammedan Spiritual Assembly, is worth attending to even if one does not accept all of his conclusions about the amount of radicalism to be found in this group.He begins by acknowledging that “exact data on the number of Russian Muslims are lacking as a result of the fact that the All-Russian census o the population does not allow defining the relationship of the ethnic and religious attachments of the population” and that “existing data are extremely contradictory.”Media reports range from a few thousand to several hundred thousand, with the lower numbers typically offered by the mainstream media and the higher ones by Islamic websites. There are certainly a number of Russian converts to Islam as a result of marriage or conviction, but the real number is clearly somewhere between these high and low figures.The low figures are simply guesses, but the high figures are reached by an analogy that is not without its problems. The 2009 Kazakhstan census which did ask questions about religion and ethnicity found that there were 54,277 ethnic Russian followers of Islam in that Central Asian country, out of a total number of 3,793,764 Russians there.If the same share of ethnic Russians in the Russian Federation were Muslims, that would mean more than a million of the faithful there, but most writers, even on Islamic sites, assume that the figure needs to be adjusted downward because Kazakhstan is a country whose titular nationality is historically Islamic.But there are other reasons not to accept the Kazakhstan figures, Ivanov says. In the course of a scandal about that census, it was discovered that a large portion of the population was counted twice and the figures then had to be adjusted by officials, a change that allowed the introduction of all kinds of distortions including on matters of ethnicity and faith.

    The actual figure for the Russian Federation as a whole probably approaches 10,000, Ivanov suggests, but he notes that “assessing the number of ethnic Russian Muslims in the Middle Volga is much difficult” for a variety of reasons.It is clear that there has been an increase in the number of such people in Russia as a whole and in the Middle Volga in recent years,
  • Author: sdf and Ivanov says there are three basic groups among Russian Muslims: those who have converted as a result of spiritual searches, those who have as a result of marriage, and those who have out of social and political calculation.(In the last category is a sub-group that is not increasing now but still attracts much attention, Ivanov continues. Its members are Russian security and military personnel who have been “forcibly” converted to Islam as a result of their imprisonment by the Afghan mujahedeen or Chechen rebels. There are only a few dozen such people.)According to the Russian researcher, who cites Russian security agency studies, most Russian Muslims follow Sunni trends such as Wahhabism, Hizb ut-Tahrir, Tabligi Dzhamat, the Nurjilar, and the Hanafi and Shafi rite. But there are also among them a few Shiites and Sufis as well.Many of the converts accept a “syncretic” faith, one that combines elements from various trends, including extremist ones. That happens perhaps especially often among those members of the business and political elites who accept Islam out of political calculations as can be seen in Ufa and several other Middle Volga cities.Those who accept Islam for ideological reasons, he suggests, can be subdivided among the following groups: First, those who do so because of an interest in the esoteric or occult but who seldom become practicing Muslims; second those who are attracted to Oriental life, most of whom become Shiites; those who do so because they view Orthodoxy as a “religion of the weak” and see in Islam a source of vital strength; and those who accept Islam because they are criminals and want to cooperate with Muslims who may be as well.The last two categories, which might be called “revolutionaries” and “criminals,” typically “find a common language within organized criminal groups.” Unlike the other two, they are committed to being “practicing Muslims.”Some investigators, Ivanov says, point to the existence among Russian Muslims of supporters of “Aryan Islam” and “Marxist Islam.” The former “combine Islam with Russian nationalism and racism” and view Islam either “as ‘a path to the rebirth of the Russian nation’ or ‘a path to the armed struggle of the white race.’

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