North Pennines - Alston The Mines of Upper Teesdale (2nd Edition)

The Mines of Upper Teesdale (2nd Edition)

The Mines of Upper Teesdale (2nd Edition)
SKU 19008
Weight 0.52 kg


Raymond A Fairburn, SB, B5 format, 152pp, 12 plates, 37 figs, 2009

This second edition has few minor alterations and amendments, the larger format has enabled the Author to provide better drawings and maps.
The first systematic compilation of information on Teesdale's mining sites, completes a series on mining in the Alston Block. It summarises the minerals worked, the geology, the activities of the London Lead Company and the conditions in which the miners lived and worked. Later chapters describe mining sites and remains in three geographical areas separated by the pre-1974 boundaries of Yorkshire, Westmorland and Durham. The final chapter briefly describes the main smelting sites. The author has checked the location of every site in the field and, wherever possible, has worked from primary documentary sources. The lead industry demised in the late 1800s, but barytes and fluorspar were extracted in Teesdale for much of the 20th century. A reduced demand for them and cheaper foreign imports eventually forced the closure of the last operations in the 1970s.
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  • Author: sdf
    with no on in a position to say exactly what the number is.That makes a portion of a new article by Vasily Ivanov on the spread of radical trends in Islam among ethnic Russians in the Middle Volga especially useful because he addresses this question directly both for the Russian Federation as a whole and for the Middle Volga in particular (’s discussion on the numbers, first presented in October 2013 at an Ufa conference on “Islam and the State in Russia” on the occasion of the 225th anniversary of the establishment of the Orenburg Mohammedan Spiritual Assembly, is worth attending to even if one does not accept all of his conclusions about the amount of radicalism to be found in this group.He begins by acknowledging that “exact data on the number of Russian Muslims are lacking as a result of the fact that the All-Russian census o the population does not allow defining the relationship of the ethnic and religious attachments of the population” and that “existing data are extremely contradictory.”Media reports range from a few thousand to several hundred thousand, with the lower numbers typically offered by the mainstream media and the higher ones by Islamic websites. There are certainly a number of Russian converts to Islam as a result of marriage or conviction, but the real number is clearly somewhere between these high and low figures.The low figures are simply guesses, but the high figures are reached by an analogy that is not without its problems. The 2009 Kazakhstan census which did ask questions about religion and ethnicity found that there were 54,277 ethnic Russian followers of Islam in that Central Asian country, out of a total number of 3,793,764 Russians there.If the same share of ethnic Russians in the Russian Federation were Muslims, that would mean more than a million of the faithful there, but most writers, even on Islamic sites, assume that the figure needs to be adjusted downward because Kazakhstan is a country whose titular nationality is historically Islamic.But there are other reasons not to accept the Kazakhstan figures, Ivanov says. In the course of a scandal about that census, it was discovered that a large portion of the population was counted twice and the figures then had to be adjusted by officials, a change that allowed the introduction of all kinds of distortions including on matters of ethnicity and faith.

    The actual figure for the Russian Federation as a whole probably approaches 10,000, Ivanov suggests, but he notes that “assessing the number of ethnic Russian Muslims in the Middle Volga is much difficult” for a variety of reasons.It is clear that there has been an increase in the number of such people in Russia as a whole and in the Middle Volga in recent years,

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